n. pl. herring or her·rings
Any of various fishes of the family Clupeidae, especially a commercially important food fish (Clupea harengus) of Atlantic and Pacific waters.
[Middle English hering, from Old English hring.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
n pl -rings, -ring
(Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Animals) any marine soft-finned teleost fish of the family Clupeidae, esp Clupea harengus, an important food fish of northern seas, having an elongated body covered, except in the head region, with large fragile silvery scales
[Old English hǣring; related to Old High German hāring, Old Frisian hēring, Dutch haring]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003
her•ring (ˈhɛr ɪŋ)
n., pl. (esp. collectively)-ring,, (esp. for kinds or species)-rings.
1. an important food fish, Clupea harengus harengus, found in enormous schools in the N Atlantic.
2. a similar fish, Clupea harengus pallasii, of the N Pacific.
3. any fish of the family Clupeidae, including herrings, shads, and sardines.
[before 900; Middle English hering, Old English hǣring, c. Old High German hāring]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Thesaurus Legend: Synonyms Related Words Antonyms
|Noun||1.||herring - valuable flesh of fatty fish from shallow waters of
northern Atlantic or Pacific; usually salted or pickled
Clupea harangus, herring - commercially important food fish of northern waters of both Atlantic and Pacific
saltwater fish - flesh of fish from the sea used as food
bloater - large fatty herring lightly salted and briefly smoked
pickled herring - herring preserved in a pickling liquid (usually brine or vinegar)
whitebait - minnows or other small fresh- or saltwater fish (especially herring); usually cooked whole
|2.||herring - commercially important food fish of northern waters of both
Atlantic and Pacific
food fish - any fish used for food by human beings
clupeid, clupeid fish - any of numerous soft-finned schooling food fishes of shallow waters of northern seas
Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus harengus - important food fish; found in enormous shoals in the northern Atlantic
herring - valuable flesh of fatty fish from shallow waters of northern Atlantic or Pacific; usually salted or pickled
herring, common name for members of the large, widely distributed family Clupeidae, comprising many species of marine and fresh-water food fishes, including the sardine (Sardinia), the menhaden (Brevoortia), and the shad shad, fish, Alosa sapidissima, of the family Clupeidae (herring family), found along the Atlantic coast from Newfoundland to Florida and successfully introduced on the Pacific coast. The shad is one of the largest (6 lb/2.
..... Click the link for more information. (Alosa). Herrings are relatively small but very abundant; they swim in huge schools, feeding on plankton and small animals and plants. The adult common herring, Clupea harengus, found in temperate and cold waters of the North Atlantic, is about 1 ft (30 cm) long with silvery sides and blue back. It lays up to 30,000 eggs, which sink to the sea bottom and develop there; the young mature in three years. Other species lay their eggs in seaweed in shallow waters, and still others, the anadromous types, spawn in large rivers. Best known of these is the American shad, Alosa sapidissima. Another common anadromous herring is the alewife, A. pseudoharengus (15 in./37.5 cm), found along the Atlantic coast from Nova Scotia to South Carolina and landlocked in Lake Ontario and the Finger Lakes of New York. The menhaden is an extremely abundant species of the Atlantic coast of North America. It was used by Native Americans to fertilize their cornfields (its name is the Narraganset word for "fertilizing"); a billion pounds of menhaden per year is converted into oil and fish meal. The skipjack, a streamlined, steel-blue herring 15 in. long, is found in the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. Its name, which is also applied to the much smaller and unrelated silversides silversides, common name for small shore fishes, belonging to the family Antherinidae, abundant in the warmer waters of the Atlantic and Pacific, and named for the silvery stripe on either side of the body.
..... Click the link for more information. and to a much larger and unrelated bonito (see tuna tuna or tunny, game and food fishes, the largest members of the family Scombridae (mackerel family) and closely related to the albacore and bonito. They have streamlined bodies with two fins, and five or more finlets on the back.
..... Click the link for more information. ), describes any fish with a habit of leaping clear of the water. Of the smaller food herrings and related species, the anchovies and sardines are the most important. The American anchovies, Engraulis encrasicholus, belong to the closely related family Engraulidae, are about 4 in. (10 cm) long, inhabit warm seas, and are chiefly valuable as food for other fishes. Spanish and Italian anchovies, found in the Mediterranean and nearby Atlantic, are cured by a process involving fermentation; the small European herrings (called sprats, or brislings) are cured without fermentation and are sold as Norwegian, or Swedish, anchovies and sardines. The name sardine is also applied to various small fish packed with oil or sauce in flat cans. The true sardine from France, Spain, and Portugal is usually the young pilchard (Sardinia pilchardus) of Mediterranean and Atlantic coastal waters. Sardine fishing and canning are an important industry in Maine, where small herrings are used, and in California, where the sardine is a species closely related to the European pilchard. The larger herrings are dried, smoked, salted, or pickled and sold in nearly all parts of the world under such names as bloaters, kippers, and red herrings. The name sprat is sometimes applied to certain American species of commercial herring. Herrings are classified in the phylum Chordata Chordata , phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate
..... Click the link for more information. , subphylum Vertebrata, class Osteichthyes, order Clupeiformes, family Clupeidae.
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